© 2002 Rabbi David Markel Hall
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generation of the carriers of the Oral tradition that became known as early
Talmudists was Hillel I who in 32BCE became the leader of the Torah scholars and
established his own Beit Midrash in 46BCE. At certain points of history the
Talmudic leaders were split into two houses, one in Israel the other in Babylon.
It is difficult to keep track of these at times but I have done the best I can
with the available information.
If you see any flaws in this, please direct your comments directly to me: Rabbi David Markel Hall
is the lineage of Talmudic leaders as best I can make it out.
(Judah the prince) left Israel and settled in Bavel in 219CE.
Nessia I (HaNassi)
died and was succeeded by his son, Gamliel IV, but did not live long and was
succeeded by his son R.Yehuda Nessia II in 230CE.
Many of the
Amora’im (Mishna scholars) mentioned in the Talmud and the same names even
though they lived in various generations.
247CE became the Rosh Talmud in Israel and Shmuel, the Rosh Metivta in
Neharde’a became the leading Talmudic authority in Bavel.
Rosh Metivta of Sura
assumed the role of Rosh Talmud in 298CE upon the death of R.Huna
followed R.Yehuda in 300CE
309 replace R.Gamliel V In Israel
I 313CE had
churches builg on Christian holy places in Israel.
a blind Amora became Rosh Talmud succeeding Rabbah (bar Nachmani) in 321CE.
was Rosh Talmud after R.Yosef. This was the year of the Christian counsel of
Nicaea. During that counsel, Constantine I demanded that Christians distance
themselves from Judaism by forcing the Church to worship on Sunday instead of
the Hebrew Sabbath and cease observance of the Biblically mandated Holy Days. He
also made them take the pagan festivals of Easter and Saturnelia (Mithra’s
birthday, Dec 25) 325CE.
succeeded Abbayé as rosh Talmud in 338CE.
written in Hebrew and Aramaic and was fairly complete but still in its
rudimentary form by 351CE.
no central talmudic authority
from the year 352 until 371. R.Nachman II succeeded Rava but the authority was
not recognized until 371.
who established the current calendar became Nassi in Israel in 359.
became Rosh Metivta in 371. He developed wider recognition and achieved the
emergence, once again, of central Talmudic authority.
Rosh Metivta of Sura in 431.
R.Iddi in 451.
succeeded R.Nachman III in 451.
bar Rav Ashi
replaced Rav Ashi in 454
succeeded Mar in 467
(a nephew of Ravina I)became Rosh Metivta of Sura in 474
was completed when Ravina II died.
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